Authors should submit their manuscripts electronically through the Journal website submission system, to the Editorial Office. Website of TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal (TANRA):



1-1: Requirements for first time submission (new manuscript paper).

Authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single (word) file and submit them fully on the website to be used in the refereeing process (arbitration and scientific evaluation).

1-2: Requirement of revised submission (Revised or modified manuscript paper).

Only when the submitted paper is at the revision stage (arbitration and scientific evaluation), authors will be requested to put the paper into a 'correct format' after making the required amendments from the arbitrators” to be accepted, as well as to provide the items required for the publication of the manuscript.

1-3: Authorship Guidelines.

Authorship credibility of the submitted manuscript should be based on: (i) Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (ii) Drafting the article (research manuscript) or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) Final approval of the version (research manuscript) to be submitted for publication. All of these conditions should be met by all authors (named on the title page) in the process of submitting their scientific manuscripts. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship for some contributors to be mentioned as authors of the manuscript. Hence, all contributors in research paper who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section at the end of research paper. All authors of the research manuscript must agree on the sequence of authors listed (title page) before submitting the manuscript for publishing. Through submitting process, all authors must agree to designate one author as an authorized author (responsible) for dealing with the journal to complete the submission. It is the responsibility of authorized author to arrange the whole manuscript upon the requirements and to dialogue with the co-authors during the peer-reviewing (arbitration and scientific evaluation), and proofreading stages and to also act on behalf.



2-1: Ethics in Publishing of TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal.

The ethical policy of TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with the Rules of Conduct adopted by the Editorial Board of TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal. Therefore, Readers, authors (researchers), arbitrators (evaluators), and editors (editorial board members) should follow these ethical policies once working with TANRA. Hence, the ethical policy of TANRA is liable to determine which of the typical research papers or articles submitted to the journal should be published. The publishing decision is based also on the suggestions and recommendations of the journal's reviewers and editorial board members. The ethical policy insisted the Editor-in-Chief, may confer with other editors or arbitrators in making the decision to accept the publishing or not. The arbitrators are necessary to evaluate the research papers based on the submitted content in confidential manner. The arbitrators also suggest the authors to improve the quality of research paper by their reviewing comments (arbitration and scientific evaluation). Authors should ensure that their submitted research work is original and has not been published elsewhere and in any other language. In this context, applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed by the authors. Any kind of plagiarism constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. For information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please click here.

2-2: Peer-Review Process (Manuscript evaluation).

In order to sustain the peer review system in TANRA, authors (researchers) have an obligation to participate in peer review process to arbitrate and evaluate manuscripts from others (arbitrators or evaluators). When appropriate, authors are obliged to provide retractions and/or corrections of errors to the editors and the publisher about their manuscripts, the authors are also allowed to propose arbitrators to their manuscripts and submit their names to the journal's secretariat. All papers and articles submitted to TANRA journal will be peer reviewed and evaluated scientifically based on at least two scientific arbitrators (evaluator). Hence, TANRA journal adopts a double-blinded review policy: authors are blind to arbitrators, and arbitrators are also blind to authors. The peer review process is conducted in the online manuscript submission and peer-review system. After a manuscript is submitted to the online system, the system immediately notifies the editorial office of TANRA of the arrival of a research paper for publication. After passing an initial quality check by the editorial office, the manuscript will be assigned to two or more reviewers. After receiving reviewers’ comments, the editorial team member makes a decision based on the recommendations of the arbitrators by majority, especially arbitrators sometimes do not agree with each other on the evaluation of these manuscripts. Note the "peer review process in the Journal of TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN" in the "More Information" list on our journal website. Therefore, the final decision sent to the author may not exactly reflect recommendations by any of the arbitrators. The decision after each round of peer review may be one of the following:

  • Accept without any further changes.
  • Accept with second (minor) modifications. Hence, the revised manuscript may or may not be sent to the reviewers for another round of comments.
  • Accept with major and substantial modifications. Hence, the revised manuscript sent to the arbitrators for another round of comments.
  • Reject. The manuscript is rejected for publication by TANRA.
  • Unable to review (arbitrators or evaluators). The specializations of the manuscripts submitted may not be within the scope and interest of the arbitrator. Therefore, another arbitrator is assigned to evaluate the research scientifically

2-3: Post-Publication Evaluation.

In addition to Peer Review Process, the TANRA Journal has Post-Publication Evaluation by the scientific community (Chairman and members of the Editorial Board). Post-Publication Evaluation is concentrated to ensure that the quality of published research, review and case report meets certain standards and the conclusions that are presented are justified. The post-publication evaluation includes online comments and citations on published papers. Authors (researchers) may respond to the comments of the scientific community and may revise their manuscript. The Post-Publication Evaluation is described in such a way; it is allowing authors to publish quickly on contemporary topics related to economic, administrative and accounting sciences.



Manuscripts must be submitted in one of the two languages, either Arabic or English, and should be written according to sound grammar (writing & spelling) and proper terminology. Hence, manuscripts should be written in (16) pages- otherwise the cost of additional pages is estimated by the accountancy unit of the journal – using (A4) paper for typing, margins (3.5 cm from the right and left, 4 cm from the top and 5 cm from the bottom) in the software (MS-Word), typed in Simplified Arabic (12 points) for Arabic, Times New Roman (12 points) for English, with type (as a small chida) and spacing between lines (single). Manuscript submission must be applied once in order to obtain only one submission ID number. More than one submission for a single manuscript can lose the chance of the manuscript consideration. Manuscript must be accompanied by a Title Page including title and author(s) name and their affiliations, and e-mails.

3-1: Arabic or English Language Writing.

All publications in the TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN are either in English or Arabic. Therefore, authors should make sure their manuscript is written in correct language grammatically and idiomatically before submission. Authors who do not speak Arabic or English as their first language should ensure that their research manuscripts are written in Arabic or English grammar before submission. Please write your text in good Arabic or English (Standard Arabic, American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). No language and copy-editing services are provided by the TANRA; hence, authors who feel their manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors are encouraged to obtain such services prior to submission. Authors are responsible for all costs associated with such services.

3-2: New Manuscript Submissions.

Submission to TANRA journal proceeds totally online and authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the manuscript files. As part of the manuscript, authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a Word document (*.doc or *.docx), that can be used by referees to evaluate the manuscript. All figures and tables encouraged to be embedded and included in the main manuscript file.

3-3: Documentations and References.

References list must be provided according to the TANRA references format using the American Psychological Association Guide (APA: 6th). For more details click here. Our Journal strongly encourages the use of the Digital Document Identification Number (DOI).

3-4: Formatting requirements.

There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey the manuscript, for example: research manuscript title (Arabic & English), Authors’ names (Arabic & English), and their affiliations, E- mails, Abstract (Arabic & English) , Keywords (Arabic & English), Introduction, Previous studies, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Proposals & Recommendations, References (preferred in English). Please ensure all figures and tables should be embedded and included in the main manuscript file.

3-5: Revised Submissions (after modification).

Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision the authors are instructed to submit their manuscript with TANRA format at Word document (*.doc or *.docx). Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. To avoid unnecessary errors the authors are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' for the submitted manuscript. At this level the author(s) name and affiliation should be inserted.

3-6: Manuscript Submission and Declaration.

While submitting a manuscript to TANRA Journal, all contributing author(s) must verify that the manuscript represents authentic and valid work and that neither this manuscript nor one with significantly similar content under their authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in any other language. All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the primary correspondent with the editorial office of TANRA Journal, to review the edited manuscript and proof.

3-7: Manuscript Submission and Verification.

Manuscripts are assumed not to be published previously in print or electronic version and are not under consideration by another publication. Copies of related or possibly duplicated materials (including those containing significantly similar content or using same data) that have been published previously or are under consideration for another publication must be provided at the time of online submission.



Manuscript literature and tenses must be structured as: 1-Title (Arabic & English); 2-Abstract (Arabic & English); 3-Keywords (Arabic & English); 4-Introduction; 5-Materials and Methods; 6-Results and Discussion; 7-Conclusion & Recommendations; 8-Acknowledgements (if any) 9- Notice of conflict of interest (if any); 10- References (preferably in Roman letters); 11- Appendix (if any) … all these items submitted in a file (word document) with limited size.

4-1: Title Page.

The first page of the manuscript (Arabic & English) includes: the title of research followed by one-line space and the names of all authors; and in front of each author a list of : (1 - degree, 2 - scientific title, 3 - place of work (affiliation), 4 - Country, 5- E-mail).

4-2: Manuscript Title.

The title of the manuscript should not exceed (17) words in any way, and It is preferable not contain the name of locations, countries or cities of the research as well as abbreviations. Avoid complicated and technical expressions and do not use vague expressions.

4-3: Abstract.

An abstract (Arabic & English) of 150 to 250 words that sketches 1- the purpose of the study; 2-basic procedures (design / methodology / approach); 3-main findings its novelty; 4-discussions and the principal conclusions; 5- originality (value of research). Also, the abstract should not contain any abbreviations or references.

4-4: Keywords.

Provide 3 to 5 keywords (Arabic & English) which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not repeat the words of the manuscript title or contain abbreviations and shall be written in alphabetical order as separated by semicolon. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter through the text.

4-5: Highlights / important notes.

Authors should focus -on writing their research manuscripts- on concise and linguistic terms, and clarify the basic results of the research through paragraphs highlighting the research.

4-6: Introduction.

Briefly describes the most important previous studies, and the location of the current study for those studies in the context of study of methodology, and scientific background by the author(s).

4-7: Materials and Methods.

Provide sufficient details to enable the experiments to be reproduced. Support the techniques and methods used with references. Metric and standard international units must be used throughout the manuscript. The computer program used in the statistical analysis should also be defined with the definition of statistical terms, abbreviations and symbols used

4-8: Results.

Present the results and their significance clearly. Graphs and tables should be self-explanatory. Do not repeat in figures or in the text the data presented in tables. Tables and figures should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text.

4-9: Discussion.

Deals with critical review and interpretations of the results, and supported by relevant updated references. Repetition of data should be avoided. It should end with brief conclusions. In Short manuscript, results and discussion may be combined.

4-10: Conclusion & Proposals.

This section should highlight the main and consistent discoveries of the present manuscript, and determine the value added of the main result, without mentioning any scientific references.

4-11: Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgments of people (who have contributed significantly to the research and do not meet the criteria of the authors participating in the research), grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Financial support affiliation of the study, if exists, must be mentioned in this section. Thereby, the Grant number of financial supports must be included.

4-12: Conflict of Interest.

Conflict of interest statement must be placed at the manuscript as below: "The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this manuscript".

4-13: References.

List of references contains any reference referred to in the body of the manuscript, so it must be included in the list of references and vice versa. All references of various types (for example: periodicals, books, theses, journals, official documents, bulletins, etc.) should be placed in one list at the end of the manuscript. It is preferable to write all references in Roman letters in order to control the work of the citation system in the journal when belonging to a global container. In case of references in Arabic and English, Arabic has been placed first and then references in English. References are also arranged alphabetically by author's last name, year of publication, title of book or research, country, publisher. For more information, note the "APA Documentation 6" in the "More Information" menu of TANRA journal website.

4-14: Tables.

Do not submit tables and graphs as photograph. Tables should be set within the text and should have a clear and rational structure along with consecutive numerical order. All tables should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.). Give enough information in subtitles so that each table is understandable without reference to the text. For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table. Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Tables should be with the captions placed above in limited numbers. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.

4-15: Figures and illustrations.

Figures/ illustrations should be in high quality art work, within 200-300 dpi. Ensure that figures are clear, labeled, and of a size that can be reproduced legibly in the journal. Figures should be set within the text. Following remarks should be applied to the figures:

  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text of the manuscript.
  • Figure captions begin with the term Figures (No.).
  • Figures should be with the captions placed below in limited numbers of words.
  • No punctuation is to be placed at the end of the caption.
  • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption “source”.



All contributing authors should qualify for authorship. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Sufficient participation in the work is of utmost importance. To download Authorship Form, Please click here. Authorship creditability should be based on substantial contribution to conception and design, execution, or analysis and interpretation of data. All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript and approve of its submission to TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN journal.



TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal explains the type of copyright under which authors' works will be published ... As follows: When submitting a manuscript, authors must attach the full publication agreement to the journal. To download a copy of the agreement with the author (s), Please click here.

6-1: Permission required.

Permission should be sought from the author(s) to reproduce any substantial part of a copyrighted work that depends on both the significance of the material and the quantity of material used. This includes any text, illustrations, charts, tables, photographs, or other material from previously published sources used.

6-2: Permission not required.

Copyright protects only original (i.e. creative) material. As such it protects only the particular form of expression of a work, and not the ideas or facts contained in it. Public domain works are not protected by copyright and may be reproduced without permission. Permission would however be required to re-use the final formatted, edited, published version of the work in certain cases, as it is owned by the publisher.



TANRA Journal publishes the research work, covering a wide range of administrative, economic and accounting sciences. Hence, all papers published in TANRA Journal are open access i.e. free, and distributed under the open access license agreement. Under this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly.



In order to disseminate the authors’ research work, the publishers need publishing rights. For open access articles the publisher (TANRA Journal) uses an exclusive licensing agreement in which authors retain copyright in their manuscript.

8-1: User license Agreement.

TANRA Journal provides by website access to archived material through our journal archives. Research manuscripts are portions of the open archive that are freely available from our journal website after a certain period, starting from the date of final publication of the manuscript. Users or readers of the manuscripts need to explain how to use the manuscript. All open-access published articles will be free and easy for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by a “Creative Commons Attribution” user license. For more information and details, please click here.



Authors are requested to evident whether impending conflicts do or do not exist. For example : If an organization encompasses any financial interest in the outcome of the study, the authors (researchers) are appealed to provide a declaration that have full access to all the data in the study and take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. All studies (if necessary, based on the type and subject), must be approved by the relevant Ethics Committee/ Institution review board of the respective institutions. Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers to publish in TANRA Journal. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to be originated by the authors. A copyright transfer agreement is signed by the corresponding author, upon the acceptance of the manuscript, on behalf of all authors, for publication to be legally responsible towards the Journal ethics and privacy policy. Authors will be notified as soon as possible of decisions concerning the suitability of their manuscripts for publication in the journal. Once the article has been accepted for publication, it will be copy edited and typeset, after which the corresponding author will be sent information on accessing page proofs to correct. Other than the correction of typographical errors, alterations cannot be made at this stage. The submitted materials may be considered for inclusion but cannot be returned and Editors of the Journal reserve the right to accept or reject any article in any stage, if necessary. To download Conflict of Interest Form, Please click here.



Authors are requested to clearly identify who provided financial support for the conduct of research and/or preparation of the article and briefly describe the role of the funder/sponsor in any part of the work including design and conduct of the study, data collection, data analysis and interpretation, preparation, review and approval of the manuscript. The following rules should be followed:

  • The sentence should begin with: ‘This work was supported by …’.
  • The full official funding agency name should be given in an expandable form not in an abbreviated form.
  • Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]’.
  • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma (,) as follows: ‘[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]’.
  • Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (:) (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency).



When an author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher of TANRA Journal to retract or correct the manuscript. Finally, the corresponding author should be ensured that all appropriate co-authors included on the paper have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication in TANRA Journal.



All manuscripts under review or published with TANRA Journal are subject to screening using Plagiarism Prevention Software called “iThenticate”. For more information, please click here. Plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. Other violations include duplicate publication, data fabrication and falsification, and improper credit of author contribution. Thus, the Plagiarism or Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior are unacceptable and submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. It is necessary to mention that TANRS Journal may ignore a duplicated manuscript up to 20%. The development of (CrossCheck) is a service that helps editors to verify the originality of papers. (CrossCheck) is powered by the (Ithenticate) software from (iParadigms), known in the academic community as providers of (Turnitin). For a searchable list of all journals in the (CrossCheck) database, please click here.

All new submissions to many TANRA journal are automatically screened using (CrossCheck) within the editorial system. Editorial Board Member may also choose to run a similarity report at any other point during the review process or post-publication. The default similarity report view gives the percentage of the text of the manuscript which has overlap with one or more published articles. Figures and equations cannot be checked at present. Note that a high similarity score does not necessarily indicate plagiarized text. A similarity score of 30% could mean 30% text in common with one source but could equally mean 1% text in common with 30 different sources. Re-used text that has been legitimately cited the Bibliography may all contribute to the similarity score. The subject knowledge of an editorial expert is vital in order to interpret the (CrossCheck) report and determine whether there are any grounds for concern.



To download Submission Checklist, Please click here.

  • Read the Journal’s Guide for Authors and make sure that the manuscript (text, tables and figures) meets Journal requirements.
  • The manuscript contains the main sections outlined in Journal’s Guide for Authors.
  • Spell-check the manuscript.
  • All authors must read the Ethics in publishing, Plagiarism prevention, Violation of publication ethics and Handling cases of misconduct before being submitted to the TANRA.
  • The Manuscript has been read and approved by all listed authors.
  • Not only the Corresponding Author, but also the whole contributors of the manuscript are advised to be registered at the journal website in order to keep their names in the manuscript bio-sketches.
  • A conflict of interest disclosure form must be signed by the corresponding author in case of multiple authorship, by all authors, for publication to be legally responsible towards the Journal ethics and privacy policy.



The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes, i.e., When the authors use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.



Permit others distribute and copy the manuscript, to create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from manuscript (such as a translation), to include in a collective work, to text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation. Further details found at: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

In addition, TANRA retain the copyright of published articles, which is released under a “Creative Commons Attribution License for CC-BY-4.0” enabling the unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of an article in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.



Open access publishing proposes a relatively new model for scholarly journal publishing that provides worldwide, barrier-free access to the full-text of all published articles. Open access allows all interested readers to view, download, print, and redistribute any article without financial subscription, enabling far greater distribution of an author's work than the traditional subscription-based publishing model. In the open access form, the cost of publishing the manuscript provided by the author's research budget, or by the institution supporting it, is paid.

In addition, authors who publish in the Open Access TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal retain copyright for their work, which is issued under (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International), allowing unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of manuscript published in any medium, in condition that Cite the original work correctly. TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal is an open-access journal and requires the author(s) to pay for publishing their manuscripts that will be collected when submitting the research to the journal. Also, additional fees are charged when publishing more pages than specified in the print and publishing instructions. The amounts to be paid after submitting the research manuscript are US $ 100 for non-Iraqi authors and 125,000 Iraqi dinars for Iraqi authors.


For further information and clarifications, please contact:

Dr. Amir A. Abdulmuhsin, Assist. Prof. in Knowledge management, Editorial board member of TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN Journal, [email protected], +9647740856185.