Volume 39, Issue 125, Winter 2020, Page 9-159


Application of Occupational Health and Safety Management System According to OHSAS 18001:2007 on the Laboratories of the Technical College / Kirkuk

Hussein N. Ezzat

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 9-42
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164487

The renaissance of the OHSAS18001 (occupational health and safety administration system) standards is considered one of the main global solutions to address the problems that accompanied the industrial evolutions and technological advancements in business organizations. Its purpose is to control and reduce risks, injuries, and accidents, and hence improve the organization's performance. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the occupational health and safety system through identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the laboratories in the Technical College of Kirkuk and determining the possible means to overcome or reduce such weaknesses. The significance of this work is manifested in studying the requirements of the OHSAS standard in the Technical College of Kirkuk and determining the strength and weaknesses points in its implementation. The descriptive analytical method was used, and the research problem can be expressed as follows: How can the OHSAS, 18001:2007 standard is used to assess the effectiveness of the OHSAS 18001:2007 occupational health and safety system measures in the research subject? Different means were used to collect and analyze data such as, in person interviews, surveys and on-site observations. The research determined an 81.92% gap between the standard and application. According to the research conclusions, a set of recommendations were presented, mainly, encouraging the College to decrease the gap between the standard and application by forming a team to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of the occupational health and safety system according to the OHSAS18001 standard and the importance of calibrating the tools and equipment's accordingly

The Role of Human Resources Maintenance in Achieving Organizational Agility

Mohammed A. H. Al-Taii; Hadi K. Ismael; Shihab A. Khudhur

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 43-62
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164504

The study aims at acknowledging the effect of human resources maintenance on the types of organizational agility (sensing agility, decisionmaking agility, and acting agility) in the private universities / Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The study has used the analytical descriptive methodology, through using questionnaire to collect information from the members of the universities council in (11) private universities / Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The sample of the study includes (91) members of the university councils. The statistical program (SPSS. V. 21) has been used to analyze the data collected and to get the results of the hypotheses testing. The study found that the surveyed universities are implementing human resources maintenance in medium levels, and they practice the organizational agility in high levels. The study showed a positive correlation between human resources maintenance and organizational agility. The study also indicates that human resources maintenance has a significant impact on organizational agility at the surveyed universities. A number of suggestions were presented to focus on that the private universities need to pay more attention to the human resources maintenance activities as they have a positive impact on achieving organizational agility

Lean Green Management is an Entrance to Strengthen the Organizational Immune System

Thaeir A. S. Al-Samman; Zahraa G. Th. Al-Dabbagh

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 63-86
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164506

The research sheds light on the role of the lean green management in strengthening the organizational immune system that is being adopted in the General Company for Iraqi Cement/Northern Cement Cooperation. Persons, the questionnaire was built on a questionnaire that was built according to what is presented in theoretical frameworks as a main tool for collecting data and information that was analyzed by a number of ready-made statistical programs (SPSS, and Amos). The research reached a set of conclusions, including: management impact Lean green moral direct on the organizational immune system in the Northern Cement Cooperative through the use of green lean forms that focus on the internal and external environment of the organization and diagnose the surrounding viruses and identify appropriate vaccines and treatments to avoid the problems they face, and based on these conclusions presented proposals aimed at strengthening the reality of the variables discussed in the field searched.

The Renaissance Trends of Green Investment and Its Role to Achieve Green Investment for the Period of 2009 – 2012 with Reference to Iraq

Faris J. Nayyef

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 87-107
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164575

This study aims to describe the investment and its role to create green development as a part of new serious plan of action aimed to shift towards communities that are more aware about positive environmental effects. It also aims to spread of green economy with regard to what is saved in green development that simulate the future with more quality environmental protection, within the scope of clean green energy which is available in diversity and efficiency, such as solar energy, wind energy, creating a society based on green urban planning, removing the hazardous waste and carbon pollution and increase the sources of natural food to humankind, and to create the welfare to them. So, the study aims at finding a relation between green development and environmental interests in order to allow the coming leader generations to enjoy its materialistic and non-materialistic services. We had taken some of the Iraqi government directions, so we had taken investment map of  Diyala Province and its roles to create suitable chances of Green Development.

Diagnosing the Ethical Leadership Dimensions of Academic Leaders: An Analytical Study in a Selected Sample of Private Colleges

Fadam A. Al Hamad; Alaa Abdulmawjood Alani

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 108-131
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164584

The research aimed to diagnose the dimensions of ethical leadership among academic leaders in a number of Private Colleges and universities in Iraq. The research was based on a problem that claimed "does the level of availability of the dimensions of ethical leadership among officials in the local private colleges differ?". In order to find a solution to the questions raised in the research problem, several hypotheses were formulated including "There is no significant difference in the responses of the researched leaders regarding the dimensions expressed in moral leadership." This happened in a number of private Colleges in Iraq that represented the research community, as the Colleges (Al-Hadba, Nowruz, Al-Nur, Al-Kitab and Al-Qalam) were chosen to apply the study, and using the descriptive analytical approach, the theoretical and applied research data were dealt with, and through the use of the questionnaire was obtained on (300) answers out of (350) distributed among the respondents who were represented by the staff and the teaching staff working in the researched colleges. Their views were polled about the extent to which their leaders enjoy the qualifications of moral leadership. In the light of the statistical treatments of the research data, a set of conclusions were reached, including the difference in the dimensions of ethical leadership in terms of their availability to the academic leaders in the research field. Integrity was the most available dimension among the researched leaders, while clarification of roles was the least available.

Strategies to Reduce Administrative and Financial Corruption through Compliance Auditing: Case Studies

Zena A. J. Al-Layla; Waheed mahmood Ramo

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 132-159
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164591

The research aims to activate strategies to decrease administrative and financial corruption through compliance audit through providing a theoretical framework on the concept of administrative and financial corruption, as well as identifying strategies available to bring down administrative and financial corruption and to activate these strategies through compliance audit. The research problem is the weakness of accounting control and auditing (administrative and financial) in Iraq in dropping administrative and financial corruption and its inability to enhance the confidence of society in the services provided by the profession of accounting and auditing in addition to the lack of activation strategies to minimize administrative and financial corruption. The research has come out a number of conclusions, the most important of which is activating the strategies to reduce administrative and financial corruption by compliance audit contributes to reducing administrative and financial corruption. It is not possible to promote and support these strategies without activating the compliance audit. The research reached a set of recommendations, including the need for a legal legislative obligation forcing economic units operating in Iraq to apply the compliance audit standard.