Volume 35, Issue 113, Summer 2013, Page 9-351

Measurement and Analysis of the Impact of Some Economic Factors In International Flows of Capital Empirical Study Of Some East Asian Countries For The Period 1991 To 2007

Maher Yaqoob; Viyan Mohammed

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 9-37
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162069

The research aims at studying the effect of population growth and GDP in international capital flows, both in Malaysia and Indonesia during the period (1991-2007). The ready Statistical Software (Minitab) has been used to estimate some indicators adopted to analyze and evaluate the nature of relations between the variables mentioned and to test hypotheses, research has come to a set of conclusions concerning the two sides, the theoretical and practical, the most important make sure the research hypotheses, especially which related to the impact of GDP in the movement of international flows in the countries those are the sample of the research. Finally, a set of recommendations were found, most notably that developing countries recognize the fact that the importance of international flows of foreign capital to achieve high rates of economic growth and improving living standards is not an easy tasks for the governments of concerned countries in economic transition, and the achievement of those tasks without ensure the stability of foreign capital in its various forms is the greatest challenge..

Accounting Use of Benchmarking by Adoption the Financial Ratios and Balanced Scorecards as Tools in Evaluating the Banks Financial Performance: Applied Study in Mosul Bank for Development and Investment for 2003-2006

Saddam Mahmoud; Ali Hussein; Layth Hasson

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 38-76
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162070

The process of evaluating the financial performance of basic step and the key in the control of banks, and at the same time safety valve to stay and continue to market competition, and derives management, including plans and processors corrective future, and as the financial performance of economic units in general and banks in particular, determine the extent of growth and excellence in it. Thus, the measure will make it easier to identify the strengths and weaknesses, and management to take corrective action on that. It can be the measurement process of this adoption of the financial ratios of actual and compare them with the financial ratios of absolute, or with financial ratios for banks outstanding in the same sector, or even the same bank but different years, as can be done on this process using the Balanced Scorecard, as they provided measurements financial and non financial comprehensive for most aspects of performance in the banks, the two (financial ratios and the Balanced Scorecard) can be a tool to Benchmarking depends on them in the evaluation according to year based on specific, compared with banks distinct (competitor superior).).

The Role of the Business Intelligence in the E-commerce Effectiveness: A Proposed Architecture for the Hukamaa Company for Requirements and Medical Supplies in the Province of Nineveh

dr.Bassam Yousif; Rabee Zaker

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 77-95
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162071

The aims of this research to formulation of a suggested architecture for business Intelligence in Al-Hukamaa Corporation of Drugs Industry, through analysis the corporation internal and external environment depending on checklist designed for this case. In order to investigate of the suggested architecture, it used an employed field of information system which represented with electronic commerce (EC). The architecture consists of many technologies, such as data warehousing which used in saved information and analyzing technology which represented with online analytical processing (OLAP) and data mining, furthermore the dashboard technology which used in information display. The research results explain there are orientation towards interactive electronic commerce. Furthermore, there is a reduction in information technology infrastructure in general and in software in special..

The Possibility of Establishing TQM Requirements of the Environment: An Exploratory Study in the Cement Plant Badush (Expansion)

Bashar AL-Sammak; Ahmed Agha

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 96-116
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162072

The research aims to determine the possibility of establishing the requirements of Total Quality Management to the environment in Badush Cement Plant / Nineveh Governorate. These requirements of Total quality management of the environment have an important role in the work of businesses, especially in the industrial one because of its role to achieve some of the objectives such as the goal of conserving the environment. For the study is limited that deal with these requirements in the Iraqi environment they tried to imply their research within these requirements with a historic framework in an attempt to study them. The research tries to answer the following questions: 1 / What is the knowledge of managers in the factory about the concept and the requirements of total quality management to the environment?. 2 / Do managers in the factory in question seek to establish the requirements of total quality management to the environment?. 3 / What are the most appropriate requirements in the plant under examination?. The research concludes: the plant can be set up under the requirements of total quality management of the environment adopted in the research through the production and delivery of products to customers. In the light of the findings, there are some of recommendations ,the most important one focuses increasing the administration's interest in the plant to deepen the awareness of its workers about the importance of continuous improvement of the environment, reduce the environmental pollution, ensure the safety of workers and improve the environmental performance of the plant to continue and grow through the competition in the market..

Restructure of the Education General Directorate in Nineveh Governorate

dr. Hassan Al-Khashab

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 117-137
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162073

The study aims to solve the problems in the structure of the Education General Directorate in Nineveh City, that caused from large momentum for its services, and the low performance quality, in added balance lack in the configurations staffing, study assumed that the cause of these problems is small organize of the Directorate, which reflected negatively in the inability to absorb the great momentum of its administrative services, as well as there were several flaws are overlapping in the powers regulatory of jobs, and duplication and conflict in the tasks of the other jobs. The study found three solutions, the first is to build a new structure, the second is to depart the Directorate into two directorates, the third is to enable education departments in districts and areas, has been studying these proposals individually in some detail, and study its positives and negatives and evaluated it according to several criteria, and put a mechanism to ensure the application of one of these solutions proposed, has been use several techniques to collect the necessary information for the Directorate the most important are interviews and meetings were held with the Director of Education, associates, department managers, to gain regulatory reform that will ensure scientific reliability and validity in practice. ً.

Measuring the most Important Factors Affecting the Rates of Unemployment In Syria

dr. Mohammed alkaraan; Abdul Rahman Mohammed

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 138-158
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162074

Given the importance of the labor market, and its reflection on the preparation of human resources strategy, we have to study the effects of the most important key variables for the labor force .Therefore, this study on measuring the most important factors affecting the rates of unemployment in Syria during the period (2001-2008 AD) the rate of population growth, and the rate of investment growth, and indicators of foreign trade, and the rate of economic growth in an attempt by researchers to propose a standard form for the most important factors affecting the rates unemployment through the applied study on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics in Syria during the period (2001-2008 AD). (2001-2008).

The Role of Organization Resources Planning Toward Productivity Enhancement: An Investigation Study for the Managers' Opinions in the State Company for Drugs Industries and Medical Appliances / Nineveh

dr. Alaa Al-Jalili

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 159-177
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162075

The research seeks current analysis of the relationship between the system of ERP organizational productivity through a survey of the opinions of managers in the public company for pharmaceutical and medical supplies / Nineveh. Due to the lack of studies on the system as well as its relationship to the productivity of the organization, especially in the Iraqi environment may try searching analysis of these dimensions within the holistic framework in an attempt to study the relationship and impact between them. The study found a set of conclusions, including:
- There is a relationship between the ERP system and the productivity of the organization in the organization under study.
- There is a significant effect of the ERP system in the productivity of the organization under study.Based on the conclusions the researcher provided a set of recommendations which, in turn hips in line with the recommendations.

Economic Analysis of the Variations in the Local Production and the Demand on the Red Meat in Iraq for the Period (1985- 2006)

Abd Al-Salam Hussein

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 178-191
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162076

In this research, the qualification and quantities analysis for production and consumption of red mead were studied for the period (1985-2006). It includes also the analysis of the variations that happen in the local production and the demand on the red meat. The quantitave analysis’ results showed that the annual compound variation in the production of the red meat had reached (-2%) and the yearly compound variation of the demand on the red meat has reached (-3%). The negative sign means dropping in both local production and consumption; however, the production is still insufficient and it doesn’t match the consumption. This requires knowing the obstacles for the two variations mentioned above, and requires working hard to find suitable solutions for them concerning production, interest in the animal wealth should be cared to specifically; moreover, in Iraq, there are a lot of natural and economical potentialities which can be exploited to achieve all that successfully, in the hope of fulfilling self- sufficiency of this food article. As far as the consumption is concerned, we should strongly back up the Iraqi consumer by increasing his real income to enable him to get this food commodity due to its importance and because its demanded quantities reflect the living levels of the Iraqi consumer..

The Impact of General Government Expenditur in some Variables of Sustainable Development: Application to the State of Algeria for the period (1995 to 2009)

Mohammed Al-sharaby

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 192-214
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162077

The research seeks to describe the impact of government spending on some variables, sustainable development, which express the content of economic and social development and environmental during the period (1995_2009), and the purpose of briefing the content of the research has been addressing some of the theoretical concepts of government spending and sustainable development and the effects of government spending on the variables of sustainable development the practical part has been the adoption of the model of simple linear regression analysis to portray the impact of explanatory variable between government spending and some of the variables adopted for sustainable development (economic, social, environmental). That have been expressed in some of the indicators was reached several conclusions that were based on fact and applied the most important reasons for the failure of government spending in the face of challenges and achieve its goals of development.
In light of this has been a number of recommendations that do government spending towards the achievement of its objectives of development.

Pillars of Knowledge Economy for Islamic Art

dr. Ahmed Mansoor; dr. Mohammed Mohamoud

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 215-234
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162078

This paper presents the issue of Islamic art as an ideology creator in the context of Islamic thought, and highlights the privacy of form of this art in the tools and visions, and the totality transcendent human being from knowledge economy wording the rules of this art cognitive, all this come from the pillars of knowledge economy and consideration the Islamic art act civilization turn in to procedural to work embodied in fine arts which creativity Muslims artist mind in the light of Islamic law. Highlights Importance of research through the statement of principles, rules, pillars, of Islamic art in the light of knowledge theory and knowledge economy, and its implications such as institutional, Intellectual and educational, in order to follow the consistency oh intellectual and cognitive of Islamic art in the context of scientific and technical progress, which starts searching from a particular problem is that Islamic art does not work within the institutional framework ant intellectual to knowledge theory, and developments on the different trends especially knowledge economy, assuming that Islamic arts derives the details of the theory of Islamic knowledge according to Islamic guidelines and in the light economic theory and knowledge economy, the research used method of descriptive theory, the study found a set of conclusions and the illusion that the Islamic art as a product economy has deep historical and is characterized by permanence, communication and modernization. The study suggests that the work of Islamic art as embodiment civilization must be within the institutional frameworks reservation artistic values in the light of theory of knowledge and knowledge economy..

The Impact of Exchange Rate Change in Industrial Growth: Econometrics Study-South East Asia With the Cont of Industry Classification (1990- 2005)

dr. Samir Al-Nema; dr. Shaimaa Najeeb

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 235-250
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162079

The real exchange rate turns is considered an important factor that may affect directly and positively in industrial growth, this is because the firm relation with the industrial sector. The industrial sector deals the import and export operations as well as the local and foreign investment, this factor can be seen clearly in the application of these turns on the number of south east Asian countries on terms of internal industrial standards. The real exchange rate are one of the industrial growth, with some other factors such as industrial exports and foreign direct investments.
The industrial growth and development has interrelated with these factors quality and quantity. On the basis on the study hypothesis which provides the turns of exchange rates in industrial growth in south east Asian countries.

The Role of Public Services on Poverty Reduction: Iraq Case

Fares Naif

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 251-273
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162080

Public services center is important in the life of the individual to relate the daily conduct of his needs daily, and is linked to economic development the extent of the development of the State in this sector, which constitutes the backbone of everyday life in the state, and that the provision of public services are well contribute to poverty reduction in countries world, and in Iraq are suffering most of its population from the denial of public services (infrastructure, health, education, housing), which had a direct impact in increasing poverty, despite the disparity service between the provinces of Iraq and the disparity in poverty rates, as well as the lack of municipal services, environmental (potable water, sewerage services, waste collection service) also contribute to increased poverty in Iraq. .

Testing Arrangement Intelligent Phases of leaderships Quality Using Ravens Method: As Applied in Government Hospital in Mousl City

dr. Adel Abdullah; dr. Munther Yaqoob

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 274-295
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162081

Intelligence ascribed with the manager may pass with several periods that can enable to lead the human, material, data resources as well as the time allowed, the beneficiary in different cases and marketing decision in hospitals.
Any fault or damage may negatively affect other elements toward declination. The current study aims to present a hypothetical model to the period that the hospital manager is supposed to pass; in order to be qualified and achieve business intelligence. The current study also suggests to focus that intelligence has period almost in hospital management. This can constitute a new trend in management, in addition to make a model to enable the management leaders to help to know the properties of business intelligence and the perquisites of achieving decision- marketing procession hospitals management. The study seeks to answer the head quarries:
- Is it possible to manage the hospital using a model of intelligence analysis?
The study concluded that intelligence in management is immutable by current management to the x management. The degree of imitation depends on the success of decision managers in work, the level of management or middle east.
The current study used June Ravens that may specify the rank passed by every manager in intelligence ranks as multiple choice questions and specify the degree of intelligence ranking of manager.

Activating the Role of Accounting Profession in Preparing Economic Feasibility Studies for Investment Projects

dr. Waheed Ramo

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 296-330
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162082

One of the reasons of the failure by many investment projects in several developing countries is due to the failure to adopt a such projects on the study, analysis and trade-offs among them, because to do such projects failed means more waste of resources to which States are in dire need of them, so the process differentiation Among the projects could serve as a way to optimize the use of available resources. Research problem is identified by the problems faced by the trade-off between investment projects in Iraq. The objective of this research to highlight the importance of preparing feasibility studies and benefits and demonstrate the importance of modern information technology in cemented and comprehensiveness of economic feasibility studies, as well as identifying the frameworks liability and professional accounting and auditing at the failure of investment projects already preparing feasibility studies them, and clear the importance of research, especially in developing countries that they must pay more attention to the themes and areas of investment tools most adapted and benefit to these communities and in a scientific and practical through optimization of the efficiency of these investments. The researcher reached to the importance of adopting a number of ways when the trade-off between investment projects and not just in some ways one of which was a substitute for other, but to deal with it for the purpose of providing a comprehensive picture of the project. As well as the importance of social enter the feasibility study and environmental preparing feasibility studies in Iraq. The adoption of the proposed program in the preparation of feasibility studies due to the many advantages offered by the use..

The Effect of Psychological Empowerment in Job Alienation: An Exploratory Study of a Sample of Heads of Scientific Departments' Opinions in University of Dohuk

Green Amedi

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 113, Pages 331-351
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162083

This research dealt with two subjects, psychological empowerment of employees and job alienation, on the basis of their being of organizational phenomena that focus on human resource and it affect in performance of this important resource of the organization and through it in the organizational performance. The research aims to detect the role of psychological empowerment in job alienation; it based on two main hypotheses, the fist hypothesis is there is a significant correlation between psychological empowerment and job alienation, the second hypothesis is there is a significant effect of psychological empowerment in job alienation.
University of Duhok was selected to be the field of the research and testing its hypotheses, and the heads of the scientific departments were selected to be the study society. The number of respondents was (47) of the total heads of scientific departments. By using a number of statistical tools the hypotheses were tested.
The most important results of the study is the heads of departments at the University of Dohuk receive appropriate levels of psychological empowerment, as well as they have a moderate levels of job alienation, the study also showed that there is a negative significant correlation between psychological empowerment and job alienation, as well as there is a negative significant effect between them. The research presented a set of recommendations in respect of how to enhance the levels of psychological empowerment of heads of scientific departments at the university and to reduce levels of job alienation that they have.