The research aims to define the constraints facing women empowerment in Nineveh. A field survey was used for a random sample of 271 women in Nineveh Governorate, to express their opinion on the prevention factors of empowering women. The proposed restrictions on empowerment fall into two categories: the first is related to the personal aspect of women, represented by women's capabilities and self-confidence, and the second is related to social restrictions on women's empowerment.
In terms of economic empowerment, women argue that their education does not qualify them for employment, which is a personal aspect. at the same time, they argue that the lack of available job opportunities, family restrictions that prevent women from working, and the preference for male employment over females, represent restrictions imposed by society. Regarding educational empowerment, women argue that the economic situation of the family restricts their educational empowerment. As for social empowerment, women argue that exposure to violence, and society's acceptance of women's leadership, restricts women's empowerment.
It was found that women's answers varied significantly with the level of women's education in the three aspects of empowerment. It was found that the lower the educational level of women, the greater the belief that what was mentioned in the questions represents obstacles to women's empowerment. On the other hand, it was found that the number of children affects the answers regarding social empowerment. The more children a woman has, the more she believes that the questions represent obstacles to the social empowerment of women.