Main Subjects : Production, Operations and Quality Management Sciences


Reverse Logistics Practices and Their Effect on Enhancing the Strategic Performance-A Reconnaissance Study of a Sample of Industrial Companies in Duhok Governorate

Anhar M. H. ALAli; Adel Th. Al-Nima

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2022, Volume 41, Issue 133, Pages 34-58
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.130698.1107

The current research is aimed to investigate The effect of reverse Logistics practices in enhancing the strategic performance of some industrial companies in Dohuk Governorate through a prospective study of the views of a deliberate sample size of 45 personnel, including managers and supervisors in which to determine the ranges of interest in their factories about the variables of the research adoption of a questionnaire prepared for this research and distributed to those respondents, in light of the combined whom data were tested the relationships and influences between the Reverse Logistics practices and the strategic performance using some statistical methods, the research reached a set of conclusions most important of which are There is a significant correlation and effect between the Reverse Logistics practices and the strategic performance in the companies in question
Based on the findings of the study, a set of relevant suggestions were put submitted, the most important of which are: Managements of the companies studied should pay more attention to the implications of managerial thinking in the field of Reverse Logistics practices and the strategic performance and embed them in the minds of their managers and employees as they contribute to enhancing their ability to achieve better results in their strategic performance.

The Possibility of Achieving Excellence is to Adopt the European Foundation for Quality Management Model - Comparative Study Between the Faculties of Management And Economics at Nawroz and Cihan Universities

Hayman H. A. Hawery; Mohmmed Mustafa Hussin Qole

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2022, Volume 41, Issue 133, Pages 59-88
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.130548.1105

Any university tries to distinguish itself from other universities specifically from the students' point of view, so the survival and continuity of the universities have become difficult and must rely on tools and means through which to ensure discrimination and excellence. Hence models and standards which have been offered can be dependent by the management of the university to distinguish from others, including the Deming model, Baldrige model of discrimination, and the European model of quality management EFQM. Private universities are the same as other organizations in which they seek excellence, especially with the increasing number of private universities in Iraq, and they all attempt to attract students in different ways.
The basic idea of the study focuses on the fact that organizations that want to achieve excellence can rely on reliable global models, and are accredited by other organizations. Instead of diligence and randomness, the Faculty of Management and Economics at Nawroz and Cihan Universities has not applied the European model of quality management EFQM, but they adhere to some of the paragraphs and standards on discrimination that fall within this model. Hence, the problem of the study revolves around the main question to which extent the discrimination can be achieved by the management of the two colleges under study, according to the European model of quality management EFQM.
The researchers went towards conducting a comparative study to identify the differences between the two colleges in terms of orientation towards excellence, and preparing a screening list to collect field data through personal interviews with the management leaders of the two colleges who have a responsibility to achieve excellence for the college. The statistical tools which were used in the study are percentages and the weighted computational medium. The researchers have reached a set of conclusions which the most prominent is that the management leaders in both colleges have the means to adopt the European model of quality management EFQM, as they are within the universities that seek to attract as many students as possible to achieve their profitability goals. The researchers recommend the importance of pursuing college graduates in their working lives and trying to find jobs for them after graduation.

Application of Performance Module in Health Service Quality Evaluation: Viewpoints of Beneficiary-A case Study in Al-Salaam General Hospital in Mosul

Abdul _ Aziz A. M. AlMaula; Jamal Y. AbdulRahman

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 132, Pages 379-402
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.170203

The issue of health service quality has become a growing global concern in an effort by medical organizations to provide the best health service that achieves maximum satisfaction for the beneficiary.
This study represents an attempt to evaluate the performance of Al-Salam Hospital in Mosul from the perspective of the beneficiary, and the subject acquires great importance derived from being one of the contemporary technologies for designing the hospital performance evaluation system, which is one of the strategic management systems.
 
Due to the limited studies that focused on the views of the beneficiary about the level of health service, the study focused on the components of the quality of the health service in order to study the evaluation of the views of the beneficiaries of the dimensions of the quality of the health service provided to them, to know which of the dimensions of health quality achieves the greatest possible satisfaction of the beneficiary for the purpose of activating it in pursuit of achieving The highest possible satisfaction and to improve the reality of the medical service in the organization.
اعتماد أنموذج الأداء الفعلی فی تقییم مستوى جودة الخدمة الصحیة من وجهة نظر المستفید – دراسة حالة فی مستشفى السلام العام فی الموصل
 

The Contribution of Additive Manufacturing to Enhancing the Elements of Innovative Marketing an Field Study of A Sample of Engineering Offices in some provinces of Iraq.

hassan thabit alhussainy; Raad Adnan AL-Hamdany

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 132, Pages 304-320
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.130423.1104

The present research attempts to identify the contribution of additive manufacturing to enhance the elements of innovative marketing in engineering offices in Iraq ,The research problem has been formulated with a number of questions, most notably: "How visible is additive manufacturing among engineers and technicians in engineering offices?"
The research aim is to provide a theoretical and practical framework that works on linking the variables of the research, enables researched offices to identify their level of orientation to the application of research variables, and then to analyze field realities to arrive at the results related to the development of this orientation through a descriptive and analytical approach, Engineering offices in Iraq were selected as a research community because of the availability of a number of research variables and an intentional sample was selected as a research sample whereby the research was based on the questionnaire for obtaining information and the IBM SPSS 19 for testing hypotheses.
This research has achieved a number of conclusions ,the most prominent of which is the existence of a significant relationship between research variables, as well as the existence of a significant effect of additive manufacturing on the elements of innovative marketing.

Supply Chain Integration in Enhancing Strategic Performance: The Mediating Role of Strategic Vigilance/An applied study on industrial companies in Khartoum - Sudan

Emad El Din Issa Ishaq; Saba Nouri Al-Hamdani; Abdul Salam Adam Jamed; Mohamed Hanafi Mohamed Nour Tabidi

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 131, Pages 332-356
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.169639

The present study aimed to test supply chain integration on strategic performance through vigilance strategic as mediation variable in the Sudanese industrial companies, a model of the study and hypotheses were built base on previous studies and based on resources theory and institutional theory and the theory of capabilities, where the non-probable sample was used to collect data. (220) questionnaires were distributed to the study sample. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used by AMOS 25, which used path analysis to test the study hypotheses. The results of the study showed that there is a positive relationship between integration with the consumer and strategic performance, There is also a positive relationship between integration with the consumer, integration with the supplier, and strategic vigilance competitive vigilance, commercial vigilance). There was a positive relationship between integration with the supplier and technological vigilance. The study also found a relationship between strategic vigilance (competitiveness, commercial) with strategic performance. While Strategic vigilance partially mediates the relationship between supply chain integration and strategic performance. The theoretical contributions of the study were to test those three theories together. Finally, the study paves the way for further research that will develop the overall performance of organizations through supply chains.

Measuring possibility the implementation of European Foundation for Quality Management A case study at the Faculty of Management and Economics / Nawroz University

Heyman Hajji Ali Houiri; Mohmmed Mustafa Hussin Qole

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 131, Pages 291-317
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.129955.1086

The management always seeks to distinct its organization from other organizations by various means , especially from the customer's point of view, and The importance of excellence has increased with the intensification of competition and the hasty changes in the environment in which organizations operate , hence models and standards that can be adopted by the organization's management to be distinguished from Others, including the European Excellence Model, EFQM (European Foundation For Quality Management ) . Universities are the same as other organizations, as they seek to excel, especially with the increase in the number of private universities in Iraq, and each of them tries to attract students to them in different ways.
The idea of the study is basic, which is that organizations that want to achieve Excellence can rely on reliable international models that have been approved by other organizations. The College of Administration and Economics at Nawroz University has not applied the EFQM European Excellence Model, but it adheres to some provisions and criteria for Excellence that fall within this model. From here, the problem of the study revolves around a major question, namely, to what extent the axes of the European Excellence Model EFQM can be applied by the college administration under study to achieve Excellence.

Supply Chain Management In Light of Sustainable Development: A Strategic Approach To Confront The Delinquent "COVID-19": A Conceptual Study

Abdulsattar M. Al-Ali; Mohammad Kalil Abraheem

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 131, Pages 80-109
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.129130.1067

The purpose of this study is to address the potential link between supply chain characteristics and sustainable development at the country level. The purpose of this study is to introduce the common concept of supply chain management in different business organizations and its models according to the functionality nature and economical activities. Organizations usually are enhancing their competitive capabilities to increase their market share in the local and global markets, which boosting the development and improvement the organizational performance by the activation of the supply chain management. Business organizations are functioning before the outbreak in a stable and safe business environment, while various commercial, industrial, and service activities are facing difficulties, complexity, and unexpected strategic challenges resulting from the Global coronavirus outbreak.
Therefore, this study aims to present the integrated conceptual framework for supply chain management and the mechanisms of its operations introducing the relationship between the supply chain and sustainable development and its impact on the national economy. The study also introduces a strategic approach of supply chain management interaction with the effects and consequences of COVID-19 and later on recovery from its disturbances.

Designing an ERP System by Adopting the Decision Tree Algorithm: A Case Study in the General Company of Oil Products Distribution

anmar Marie aljuboury; Moyassar I. Ahmed Aljuboury

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 130, Pages 102-134
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2021.168687

Abstract The study endeavored to design a proposed system model of ERP by adopting an algorithm. The study was applied in the Oil Products Distribution Company -Iraq. The problem of the study was manifested by many questions regarding the level of the viewpoints on the system of ERP and the support presented by the possible managers and users in the company, and the most influential motivations in adopting the system and the good features attained from using it. The case study system was adopted by making use of many sighting and on-field interviews, and depending on documents and records in gathering data and the necessary information, in addition to the checklist which included 35 responders from different levels of the company management officials. The analysis was carried out depending on the suitable statistical tools through using the statistical program of (pass) to know the motivations behind adopting the system of ERP and the results expected from using it. Designing the ERP system was the essential objective of the study and it was accomplished by (My SQL Database version 5.7 17 ) , the structural information language SQL, the software program language OHP 5.6 30, the language of designing the site profile HTML, and the coordination language CSS 4. The study has come up with a group of conclusions, some of them were linked to the analysis results of the preliminary realization of the motivations behind adopting the system of ERP and the good features attained from designing and operating it to managers and it is within the accepted level and on the positive direction, due to the absence of a unified central database that provides information to different parts of the company, information that can be used making decisions because gathering data is done a single basis. This paved the way to present a proposed model for the system with the existence of certain provisions among which the participation of all managers effectively in every step of applying the system of ERP, as well as the necessity of guiding specialized personals (analysts and programmers) so that they might supervise the managing of the system and activate its activation. The study recommended the information communication of its subject matters through several titles for future studies.

The requirements of technological change according to the dimensions of green production: Survey of the State Company for Northern Cement / Badoush

ahmed yousif; Alaa Haseeb AlJalili

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 130, Pages 258-276
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.128368.1055

The current research on the implications of the philosophy of its objectives sought to identify the requirements of technological change according to the dimensions of green production through an exploratory study in the Badoush cement factory, in addition to identifying the correlation and influence relationships between the requirements of technological change and the dimensions of green production in the Badoush cement plant.
     The two researchers sought to include the research variables within a holistic framework, and to this end, the research problem was formulated with a set of questions summarized as follows:

What is the level of the direction of the laboratory in question to apply a technological change to achieve green production in the sector in which it operates?
Is there a significant correlation between technological change and green production in the laboratory under consideration?
Is there a significant influence relationship between technological change and green production in the laboratory under investigation?

The research reached a set of conclusions, the most important of which is the existence of a positive significant correlation between the requirements of technological change and the dimensions of green production at the level of the laboratory under consideration, as well as the existence of a positive significant effect relationship between the requirements of technological change and the dimensions of green production at the level of the laboratory under consideration.

Sustainable Supply chain management Actives and Their Role in Enhancing Environmental Performance\A Field study at the North Refineries Company / Al-Qayyarah Refinery in Nineveh Governorate

Mohammed M. Al-juboury; Adel Th. Al-Nima

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 129, Pages 28-56
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.127704.1035

The current research represents an attempt to determine the relationship and impact between the activities of sustainable supply chain management and environmental performance measurement indicators approved in the current research in the General Company for North Refineries - Qayyarah Refinery in Nineveh Governorate, and through two aspects the first theoretical included a presentation of the literature on its subject, while the second is embodied in a study The current reality of the researched organization, and the research generally tries to answer the following questions :
- Does the surveyed organization's management have an idea about sustainable supply chain management, its activities and its role in enhancing environmental performance ?
- Do sustainable supply chain management activities contribute to enhancing environmental performance ?
- What is the nature and dimensions of the relationship and impact between each of the activities of sustainable supply chain management and indicators of measuring environmental performance ?
To answer these questions, a hypothetical scheme has been built that reflects the nature of the relationship and the impact between the research variables in the researched organization, and a set of main and subsidiary hypotheses that have been tested using statistical methods for the data collected in the questionnaire through the respondents were adopted, and based on the description of the research variables and their diagnosis and testing relationships with Among them, and according to the results of his plan, it was referred to a set of conclusions, after which the recommendations were presented

The Contribution of Sustainable Manufacturing Strategies in Enhancing Marketing Opportunities - An Exploratory Study at The General Company For Textile And Leather Industries / Baghdad

Alaa A. Al Shahwani; Raad A. Raouf

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2021, Volume 40, Issue 129, Pages 9-27
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.127552.1031

The aim of the current study is to define the strategies of sustainable manufacturing and its impact on supporting marketing opportunities in the state Company for Leather and Textile Industries / Baghdad.
Hence, the problem of the study has identified by questions concerning the possibility of adopting the strategies of sustainable manufacturing and the impact of its to marketing opportunities as follows:
Is there a significant correlation between strategies of sustainable manufacturing and marketing opportunities in the state company for textile and leather industries?
Is there a significant influence of strategies of sustainable manufacturing in marketing opportunities in the state company for textile and leather industries?
The study concluded with a number of conclusions, most notably the existence of a strong positive correlation between the variables of the study at the macro level, which indicates the importance of the strategies of sustainable manufacturing  in marketing opportunities in the surveyed company, and Is there a significant influence of strategies of sustainable manufacturing in marketing opportunities in the company surveyed collectively , and this indicates that the strategies of sustainable manufacturing  enhance the activation of marketing opportunities in the company surveyed
the study presented a number of suggestions, the most important of which is the increasing interest by management of the company surveyed with the contents of managerial thought in the strategies of sustainable manufacturing and marketing opportunities of the  managers and enhancing its in staff to contribute to the survival of the business world and increasing the interest by management of the company in the study of the strategies of sustainable manufacturing and marketing opportunities  its in good way to implement it by conferences and training courses for managers  to improve performance in the strategies of sustainable manufacturing and marketing opportunities

Role of Profound Knowledge in Improving the Performance of Teamwork - A Case Study on Al – Fahad Company Ltd for Mine Survey and Clearance

Mostafa Sh. Mohammed; Moyassar E. Al-Juboury

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2020, Volume 39, Issue 128, Pages 87-108
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.167370

The current research aimed at analyzing two dimensions of profound knowledge and teamwork activities to form perceptions about the impact of profound knowledge on the performance of Al-Fahd company teams to remove limited mines. The problem was embodied by questions looking at whether or not the existence of perceptions about Profound knowledge with the management of the company in question, and looking for activities, the work teams and their performance measurement indicators to answer a third question related to the contribution of  profound  knowledge to the performance of the teams.
To answer these questions, the research adopted a comparative study method for historical data and a checklist as two main methods for collecting data and completing the practical side. The questionnaire included nine experts who represented the leaders of the company and the leaders of the teams working in it. Supported by interviews with the concerned managers to complete the checklist and ensuring the accuracy of the data derived from it, the list was analyzed by adopting the appropriate statistical tools through the statistical program (spss 22). The two researchers reached a set of conclusions, perhaps the most important of which existence of the two dimensions in-profound knowledge and teams contexts in a good and very good direction, respectively. The two research also concluded that the management of Al-Fahd Company is working on understanding the concepts of quality management and developing its beliefs in order to present the procedures and instructions necessary for the work of individuals within the organization.
 
The two researchers also presented proposals for managing the company, perhaps the most prominent of which is increasing the company's management interest in the contents of the profound knowledge and quality issues, to know first-hand the quality philosophy, and its tools because this contributes to enhancing the quality culture in a way that contributes to enhancing the company's ability to compete. The two researchers also suggested the need to increase interest in the management of the company and all its employees from technical and administrative resources in the concept of cooperation and teamwork and all that would enhance the team work style.
Role of Profound Knowledge in Improving the Performance of Teamwork  - A Case Study on Al – Fahad Company Ltd for Mine Survey and Clearance
 

Role of Manufacturing Flexibility in Enhancing the Customer’s Satisfaction- A Case Study on Al- Karwanji / Kirkuk

Raad Adnan Raouf; Abdullah M. Iswadi

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2020, Volume 39, Issue 128, Pages 109-128
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.167371

The research aims to identify the role of manufacturing flexibility as one of the basic ingredients necessary for survival and growth and achieving the competitive advantage of companies in enhancing customer satisfaction as the main goal of all companies in the business world today, due to the increasing intensity of competition and the pursuit of each company to distinguish from its competitors to  attract new customers and retain existing customers To this end, the study problem was formulated through a set of questions, the most prominent of which is "What is the role of manufacturing flexibility in enhancing customer satisfaction?"
The research used the questionnaire form to obtain data related to the research field represented by the group of companies Krungi for soft drinks, juices and water located in the governorate of Kirkuk, and a hypothesis form was developed for the research which resulted in a set of hypotheses that have been validated using statistical methods, the most important of which is the Spearman correlation factor within the statistical program (AMOS) To measure the correlation, influence, and variability relationships between study variables, the study reached a set of conclusions, the most important of which are:
"There are a positive correlation and effect between the dimensions of manufacturing flexibility and customer satisfaction" and based on it were presented a set of proposals that contribute to the integrity of the research field.

The role of Physical Distribution Activities in Competitive Advantages: An Exploratory Study Of The Opinions Of Managers At The General Company For The Manufacture Of Medicines And Medical Supplies in Samarra

Heba Mowaffaq Younes

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2020, Volume 39, Issue 126, Pages 62-85
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.165652

The current research is an attempt to determine the correlation and impact relations between material distribution activities and competitive advantages through an exploratory study of the opinions of managers at the General Company for the manufacture of medicines and medical supplies in Samarra. For this reason, the researcher has prepared a chart that shows correlation and influence relationships, including research variables, with the formulation of a number of hypotheses that clarify these relationships. A number of statistical methods and methods have been chosen that would clarify these relationships and that It was tested through a number of statistical methods, and the researcher used the questionnaire list as a tool to collect data from the respondents and their answers to the questions. The sample size was 50 forms. And the lack of studies that dealt with the relationships between these variables in the Iraqi environment within the limits of the researcher’s knowledge, the current research included these variables in an attempt to study the relationship and influence between them. It can be said that the research tries to answer the following question: What is the nature of correlations and influence between the activities of the physical distribution and competitive advantages In the company that was distributed form? The research has concluded a set of conclusions, perhaps the most prominent of them: that the activities of material distribution has a relationship of influence and moral correlation with competitive advantages. A number of recommendations have been made that are consistent with those conclusions.

Green Strategy Practices Using the (Kao) Model In the Oil Products Distribution Company of Nineveh: A Case Study

Hala F. D. AL Mullah Tohi

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2020, Volume 39, Issue 126, Pages 21-39
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.165650

The study aims to define the green strategy and identify the level of its application in the investigated organization through its indicating practices. To achieve that aim, the Oil Products Distribution Company in Nineveh was chosen as a field for the study. A questionnaire form was used as the main tool in collecting data. The questionnaire was distributed among a sample of (103) employees in the investigated organization. Based on the results of statistical analysis, using descriptive measures and Friedman Test, a set of conclusions were presented. The most important of these conclusions was that there is an agreement that green strategy practices are present in the investigated company with a level that is distinctive from other practices. In order to achieve the aim of the study, a number of recommendations were set fourth including the necessity of increasing the actual management attention to areas that support environmental orientation, especially through the green strategy and its indicating practices in the investigated organization.

Application of Occupational Health and Safety Management System According to OHSAS 18001:2007 on the Laboratories of the Technical College / Kirkuk

Hussein N. Ezzat

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2020, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 9-42
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164487

The renaissance of the OHSAS18001 (occupational health and safety administration system) standards is considered one of the main global solutions to address the problems that accompanied the industrial evolutions and technological advancements in business organizations. Its purpose is to control and reduce risks, injuries, and accidents, and hence improve the organization's performance. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the occupational health and safety system through identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the laboratories in the Technical College of Kirkuk and determining the possible means to overcome or reduce such weaknesses. The significance of this work is manifested in studying the requirements of the OHSAS standard in the Technical College of Kirkuk and determining the strength and weaknesses points in its implementation. The descriptive analytical method was used, and the research problem can be expressed as follows: How can the OHSAS, 18001:2007 standard is used to assess the effectiveness of the OHSAS 18001:2007 occupational health and safety system measures in the research subject? Different means were used to collect and analyze data such as, in person interviews, surveys and on-site observations. The research determined an 81.92% gap between the standard and application. According to the research conclusions, a set of recommendations were presented, mainly, encouraging the College to decrease the gap between the standard and application by forming a team to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of the occupational health and safety system according to the OHSAS18001 standard and the importance of calibrating the tools and equipment's accordingly

Lean Green Management is an Entrance to Strengthen the Organizational Immune System

Thaeir A. S. Al-Samman; Zahraa G. Th. Al-Dabbagh

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2020, Volume 39, Issue 125, Pages 63-86
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2020.164506

The research sheds light on the role of the lean green management in strengthening the organizational immune system that is being adopted in the General Company for Iraqi Cement/Northern Cement Cooperation. Persons, the questionnaire was built on a questionnaire that was built according to what is presented in theoretical frameworks as a main tool for collecting data and information that was analyzed by a number of ready-made statistical programs (SPSS, and Amos). The research reached a set of conclusions, including: management impact Lean green moral direct on the organizational immune system in the Northern Cement Cooperative through the use of green lean forms that focus on the internal and external environment of the organization and diagnose the surrounding viruses and identify appropriate vaccines and treatments to avoid the problems they face, and based on these conclusions presented proposals aimed at strengthening the reality of the variables discussed in the field searched.

Availability of the Requirements of the American Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) in Diyala Electric Industry

Mohamed I. M. Hussein

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2019, Volume 38, Issue 124, Pages 105-122
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2019.164124

Today, all business organizations are concerning with obtaining quality certificates for the good and service, not only to meet competitors and achieve customer satisfaction only, but also to help in measuring the performance of the organization and to see whether it is successful or not. The current study aims at showing the extent of the requirements ofMalcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) in Diyala Company for Electrical Industries. This company is selected as it is certified by ISO 9001 - 2008. This study adopted the theoretical side of its subject, while the practical side has designed a checklist according to (MBNQA) standards, and the data are collected through the checklist and then analyzed to determine the application gap and to prove the hypotheses of that study, as well as to enhance the results of the analysis in the Pareto and Ishikawa scheme to see the gap and its causes according to priority using Excel Program. After completing the practical side, the study has arrived at many conclusions, according which some recommendations are presented to serve the company and help obtaining an award as such or at least apply a high percentage of its marks.

Role Of Some Reverse Logistics Activities In Sustainability Of Competitive Advantages: A explanatory Study In Al-Mosul Company For Steel And Iron

Israa W. Q. Al- Sabawi

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2019, Volume 38, Issue 123, Pages 27-44
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2019.163339

The current research attempts to determine the role of some activities of reverse logistics including recycling, repair, refurbishment, reuse, re-manufacturing in the sustainability of competitive advantages at the level of Mosul Steel and Iron Company. The research problem focused on answering the main question is the activities of reverse logistics have the role in achieving sustainable competitive advantages of the organization? The objective of the research is to provide a conceptual framework of reverse logistics activities; sustainable competitive advantage and the test of the correlation and influence among them.  Forty three questionnaires were distrusted and analyzed using the SPSS program. A number of conclusions were reached; the most important of these is that there is a significant role for these activities in sustaining the competitive advantages by achieving the hypotheses of the research. A range of proposals were presented which might benefit the company's management.

The Developing of Line Balancing Style to Achieve Balancing Production Lines Applied Study in The Factory of Ready Made Wears in Mosul

Thaier A. Al samman

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, 2005, Volume 27, Issue 80, Pages 9-22
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2005.161587

The Line Balancing is regarded as one of the most important subjects of industrial institutions because of its obvious effect on the streamline of materials, workers and products. In the current time, many of production problems have appeared in different factories, in general and in the factories of ready-made wears, in particular. One of the most important problems which affects directly on production increase in the Balancing production lines, which will in turn lead to decrease the spoilage, reducs the time of production to the construction of required workman power, if it is invested well and followed by modern scientific methods to achieve the true balancing and arrangement of equipment and units and different production partitions. One these methods is live ranked positional weights which is the subject of this paper to reach the idealistic arrangement in application to the factory of Ready Made wears in mosul as considered one of the distinctive factories in manufacturing the ready made wears. So the method of rank positional weight and the application of suggested model is to develop this method in mosul factory in the light of its actuality