Keywords : competitiveness

Measuring The Competitive Impact Of Some International Indicators In Doing Business For Selected Countries

Sarah Gh; Souhila Najim Abdalla; Mujeeb H. Mohammed

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 37, Issue 120, Pages 49-62
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2018.159989

Competitiveness is related to the relative prices and expenditures of production from a macroeconomics perspective. Many economic analysts have linked competitiveness, productivity and technological development. Economic and financial studies have pointed out to a set of international indicators in the International Competitiveness Report (inflation, tax rates and tax systems, political instability, underfunding of infrastructures, and all of these factors play a large role in determining the volume of trade flows between countries). The research has attempted, through data, to classify the selected countries as a research sample into a group of clusters based on indicators through theoretical and practical analysis:
1. Improving the level of indicators of business practice and increasing the attractiveness of any country and its capacity in the international economy requires institutional improvements in the following variables:
a. Improve the business environment.
b. Tax reform.
c. Reducing economic inflation rates.
d. Increase the productivity and efficiency of human resources by raising spending on education to close backwardness.
Each country in order to achieve integration into the international economy and to achieve competitive efficiency must activate the gravity factors that drive a group of countries, which form clusters of homogeneity to increase economic integration among themselves and this integration brings to these countries a range of benefits that lead to an increase in size Trade exchange between them.

The Tenth Five Year Plan in Syria:

PhD Ahmed AL-Ashqar; Manal Dayoub

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 35, Issue 112, Pages 153-180
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2013.162100

This paper discusses the possibility of the tenth Five-Year Development Plan, for the period 2006-2010, in providing the appropriate environment for the transition to Social Market Economy adopted by the Syrian government in the tenth national conference of the Al-Baath Party. The plan reflected the key trends of the state that enabling it to make the transition to social market economy, and charge the government with the instruction to complete the reforming project of the economic, social, and administrative aspects, and preparing the Syrian economy and the Syrian society to the requirements of the new economy that characterized by the transition to knowledge-based economy, and competitive edge and high productivity, as well as the ability to use technology and advanced communications, via the ability to access information and rely on highly skilled manpower able to achieve creativity and innovation. Regarding the economic aspect, the plan emphasize on the optimal employment of resources, through reformation and rehabilitation of the public sector, and via enabling the private investment to invest in the national sectors of the economy, and strengthen the partnership between the private sector and the public sector as fundamental sectors, and the need to open broadly. The plan was also confirmed on the social justice through achieving balanced regional development, and provide direct support to those who deserve attention as well as concerning the most vulnerable segments. The liaison and coordination between economic and social aspects should be considered as a corner stone of the social market economy. In order to achieve what have been mentioned above, this requires an integration between reforming the national economy and place it on solid foundations to ensure achieving high growth rates. At the end, the research has reached a conclusion, through reviewing the performance of the Tenth Five Year Plan, that the plan has failed in achieving its general objectives aimed to transit to a social market economy, because of the local and global circumstances that befell the Syrian society during the years of the plan. The paper at the end provides a number of useful recommendations. .

The Role of Strategic Accounting Management in Supporting the Competative Advantage in the State Company of Mine Industries (Burda)

Dr.Khalid Al-Kutainy

TANMIYAT AL-RAFIDAIN, Volume 34, Issue 108, Pages 188-221
DOI: 10.33899/tanra.2012.162018


The proliferation of free trade between states and environmental changes, successive, the goal of improving the performance of the enterprise and maintaining and strengthening its competitiveness in light of the intense competition of the vital goals that takes up so much of the thinking management of the enterprise, so the face of these developments, it became the accounting need to use the methods of strategic management force as a basis to strengthen their competitiveness, a study has been applied to the Company for Metallurgical Industries. The survey has a range of results, notably, the role of accounting and strategic management in strengthening the competitive advantage, and the impact of management accounting strategy in the activation of the strategic role of accounting, as well as a reflection of the methods of strategic management on the role of accounting in strengthening the competitiveness of the facility, but the most important recommendations made by the study, it can be summarized the need to provide the appropriate conditions in the company under consideration for the application of methods of strategic management in accounting methods that fit with the modern manufacturing and strategic policies in accounting and the importance of the company under consideration by subjecting employees to training courses to develop their skills and experience.